Gardening Articles: Edibles :: Fruit & Nut Trees

Fabulous Figs (page 5 of 5)

by Robert Kourik

28 Figs Described

'Adriatic'
Alternate names: 'Grosse Verte', 'Italian Strawberry', 'Nebian', 'Ventura', 'Verdone Hybrid Strawberry', 'Verdone', 'White Adriatic'
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; strawberry
Where it grows: Widely adapted. Grows and produces wellin San Francisco area.
Description: This is an old variety that reliably bears two crops annually. Excellent fresh.

'Alma'
Skin and flesh colors: Green-brown; amber
Where it grows: Recommended for Texas and southeastern U.S. Requires a long warm season to ripen.
Description: Average-sized fruit is very sweet and has small seeds. Small, frost-sensitive tree produces a good spring crop and heavy main crop. Nearly closed eye resists fruit souring. New variety developed in Texas.

'Beall'
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; amber
Where it grows: Similar to 'Brown Turkey', but sweeter. Good spring and summer crops.
Description: Figs large, somewhat flattened shape.

'Black Jack'
Alternate names: 'Black Spanish', 'Petite Negri'.
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; strawberry
Where it grows: Recommended for Texas and southeast.
Description: Large figs produced on a small tree that is well suited to container growing.

'Brown Turkey'
Alternate names: 'California Brown Turkey', 'San Pedro', 'San Piero'
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; amber
Where it grows: Highly recommended for California and the Southwest.
Description: Average- to large-sized fruits have few seeds and are best fresh. Not recommended for drying or canning, this is one of the few figs grown for fresh market. They have a moderately open eye so are prone to souring in humid regions. Small tree is hardy and productive with two crops a year.

'Celeste'
Alternate names: 'Blue Celeste', 'Celeste Violette', 'Celestial', 'Malta', 'Sugar Fig', 'Violette'.
Skin and flesh colors: Strawberry-brown; strawberry
Where it grows: Very hardy and one of the most widely grown in the South. Often disappointing in the West.
Description: Use small- to average- sized, crunchy and juicy figs fresh, dried, processed, or in preserves. Fruits resist both splitting and souring. Tree produces no spring crop.

'Conadria'
Alternate names: 'Verdone', 'Verdone Hybrid'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; strawberry
Where it grows: Widely adapted. A hybrid developed in California.
Description: Average-sized figs are flavorful, crunchy, juicy, excellent fresh or dried. Fast-growing tree produces spring and summer crop.

'English Brown Turkey'
Alternate names: 'Eastern Brown Turkey', 'Everbearing', 'Texas Everbearing'.
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; strawberry
Where it grows: Recommended for cool summer regions such as coastal California and the Pacific Northwest. Also recommended for Texas and the Southwest.
Description: Average- to large-sized figs. Very productive and attractive tree.

'Excel'
Alternate names: 'Dottato Hybrid', 'Kadota Hybrid'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; amber
Where it grows: Widely adapted throughout California and the Gulf Coast.
Description: Compared with 'Kadota', figs larger and sweeter. Fruit resists souring by forming "honey drop" that plugs basal opening.

'Flanders'
Alternate names: 'Verdone Hybrid'.
Skin and flesh colors: Violet stripes; amber
Where it grows: Widely adapted, producing well in both cool and hot regions.
Description: Average-sized figs are somewhat elongated. Tree vigorous.

'Genoa'
Alternate names: 'Genoa White', 'White Naples'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; amber
Where it grows: Best in cool summer regions such as coastal California and the Pacific Northwest.
Description: Average-sized figs are excellent fresh. The standard Italian fig.

'Hardy Chicago'
Skin and flesh colors: Brown-purple; strawberry
Where it grows: A somewhat more cold-hardy tree, it is recommended for the upper South and coastal Atlantic regions.
Description: Similar to 'Brown Turkey'. Small-sized tree is well suited to container culture.

'Jelly'
Alternate names: 'Mary Lane Seedless'.
Skin and flesh colors: Yellow; amber
Where it grows: Best in regions of consistent weather and temperatures. In regions of weather extremes, fruits are prone to splitting.
Description: Very juicy, nearly seedless fruit. Modern variety developed in California.

'Kadota'
Alternate names: 'Dattero', 'Dottato', 'White Kadota'.
Skin and flesh colors: Yellow-green; amber
Where it grows: Best in hot, dry regions, such as California's Central Valley. A leading commercial fig in California.
Description: Average-sized, tough-skinned, nearly se figs are used for canning, for drying, or eaten fresh. Vigorous, almost rampant tree is very productive in both spring and fall.

'King'
Alternate names: 'Desert King', 'White King'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; amber
Where it grows: One of the best varieties for coastal California and the Pacific Northwest. Also recommended for Gulf Coast regions.
Description: Use these large figs fresh or dried. Good spring and fall crops.

'Lattarula'
Alternate names: 'Blanche', 'Italian Honey', 'Lemon', 'Marseilles'.
Skin and flesh colors: Yellow-green; amber
Where it grows: Widely adapted but best in short-season, cool-summer regions.
Description: High-quality, large and very sweet figs are excellent fresh, dried, or as preserves.

'L.S.U. Purple'
Skin and flesh colors: Red-purple; amber
Where it grows: Developed in Louisiana and recommended for Gulf Coast region.
Description: These closed-eye figs resist souring. Tree is vigorous, cold-tolerant.

'Magnolia'
Alternate names: 'Black Naples', 'Brunswick', 'Brunswig', 'Dalmatia', 'Dalmatian', 'Large White Turkey', 'Madonna'.
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; amber
Where it grows: Widely grown in Texas and the Southwest.
Description: Souring-prone figs best for canning or preserves. Cold-hardy tree has distinctive hand-shaped leaves.

'Marseilles'
Alternate names: 'Blanche', 'Lemon', 'Marseillaise', 'White Marseilles'.
Skin and flesh colors: Yellow; amber
Where it grows: Cool regions such as coastal California and the Pacific Northwest. Also Atlantic Coast.
Description: Adapts well to containers.

'Mission'
Alternate names: 'Black Mission', 'California Black', 'Franciscan', 'Franciscana', 'Negra'.
Skin and flesh colors: Purple-black; strawberry
Where it grows: Very widely adapted variety grows and produces well in most regions.
Description: All-purpose fig is used fresh, dried, and for preserves. Tree often produces both spring and fall crops.

'Nero'
Alternate names: 'Barnisotte', 'Brogiotto Nero', 'Ischia Black', 'Scavello'.
Skin and flesh colors: Purple; strawberry
Where it grows: Grows well in most regions. More tolerant of cold than most fig varieties so recommended for marginal fig regions.
Description: This variety produces abundant crops of large figs at a young age.

'Osborn Prolific'
Alternate names: 'Archipel', 'Hardy Prolific', 'Neveralla', 'Osborn', 'Osborn's Prolific', 'Rust'.
Skin and flesh colors: Reddish brown; amber
Where it grows: Generally regarded as superior for cool regions, hence recommended for coastal California and inland valleys of southern California and the Pacific Northwest. Also recommended for the Atlantic Coast.
Description: Large, very sweet figs are best used fresh. Slow-growing, dense tree bears heavily.

'Panachee'
Alternate names: 'Jaspee Limone', 'Panache', 'Striped Tiger', 'Variegato'.
Skin and flesh colors: Yellow-green with stripes; strawberry
Where it grows: Needs long, warm growing season.
Description: Small- to average- sized figs have excellent fresh quality. Tree produces fall crop only.

'Pasquale'
Alternate names: 'Vernino'.
Skin and flesh colors: Purple; strawberry
Where it grows: More cold-tender than average so recommended only for frost-free regions.
Description: Use these small, very sweet figs fresh or dried. Tree produces good spring crop; fall crop ripens late.

'Tena'
Alternate names: 'Tina'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green-yellow; amber
Where it grows: Widely adapted, but especially well regarded in hot and dry regions.
Description: Figs are similar to 'Mission' but more rounded in shape. In some climates, figs will dry on the tree.

'Tennessee Mountain'
Alternate name: 'Celeste'.
Skin and flesh colors: Brown; amber
Where it grows: Recommended throughout upper South and Atlantic Coast.
Description: Use figs fresh or for preserves. Tree bears heavy crops of sweet figs.

'Verte'
Alternate names: 'G Ischia', 'Ischia Green', 'New Verte'.
Skin and flesh colors: Green; strawberry
Where it grows: One of the best for short-season, cool regions such as Pacific Northwest.
Description: Use these small figs fresh or dried. Tree is small, good for containers, and produces a spring crop. Ripe figs are less attractive to birds because they remain green.

'Violette de Bordeaux'
Alternate names: 'Beer's Black', 'Bordeaux', 'Negronne', 'Petite Figue Violette'.
Skin and flesh colors: Purple-black; strawberry
Where it grows: Widely adapted.
Description: Small fig with excellent flavor. Small tree adapts well to containers.

Robert Kourik is the author of several books about gardening. He lives in Occidental, California.

Photography by David Karp/USDA Agricultural Research Service and National Gardening Association

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