Start by assembling all your favorite tools in one place. Now take this end-of-the-season opportunity to organize them so they will be easy to find and use next spring. Some gardeners find that a hanging system such as a pegboard works well for keeping every tool in its place.
Mulch Root Crops
Fall root crops such as carrots, parsnips and Jerusalem artichokes can be left in the ground for harvest later. To take advantage of this natural storage space, mark the location and heap on a generous layer of mulch to prevent the ground from freezing solid before you are ready to dig them up.
Indoors, the warm dry air from central heating can create a welcoming environment for houseplant pests such as spider mites and scale. Inspect your plants weekly, especially any that summered outdoors, so that you can recognize and treat infestations early. Look for trouble signs such as discoloring foliage, fine webbing, or the pests themselves.
Orchard Clean Up
Groundfalls, mummified fruit and old foliage can all contribute to the carryover of pests and diseases from one season to another. Good sanitation now can mean healthier trees next summer. Clean up and remove any fallen fruit and pick the trees clean. Rake up and remove fallen foliage from under the tree.
Last Call for Bulbs
Most spring bulbs can be planted up until the ground freezes, but timely planting will yield earlier blooms next spring. Dig a generous planting hole, work bulb fertilizer (if desired) into the soil at the bottom of the hole, plant the bulb "pointy end up", replace the soil and water well. Top with several inches of natural mulch.