Northern California Coastal & Inland Valleys

January, 2012
Regional Report

Choose Rugosa Roses for Seaside Locations

If you live near the ocean, plant rugosa roses. This hardy type of rose will put up with salt air and sandy soil. Also known as the "sea tomatoes," rugosa roses form large hips and have a distinct appearance. They are free from disease and insect infestations. Rugosa roses make fine hedges and come in a variety of colors.

Schedule Pruning

Deciduous shrubs need careful planning when it comes to pruning. For plants that bloom in the spring, such as forsythia, prune after the plant has finished flowering. Shrubs that bloom in summer or fall, like roses produce flowers on new growth. Prune these plants when they are dormant in later winter or early spring.

Prune Deciduous Shrubs

When pruning deciduous shrubs, remove a few of the oldest branches to encourage new growth. New growth is more vigorous and will provide more color than older wood. Plus, more light will reach the center of the plant and air circulation will be improved to inhibit fungal disease problems.

Cut Back Overgrown Buddleja

If your buddleja has gone leggy and floppy, here is a tip for keeping it full and bushy; cut it all the way back to the ground when all danger of frost has passed. Buddleja pruned this way will show an increase in new basal growth. Topdress with organic compost after pruning and stand back!

Prune Summer Blooming Clematis Now

Clematis that blooms in summer produces flowers on its new growth. These vines should be pruned in winter or early spring. Clip the plant back hard to encourage a flush of new growth.

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