Northern & Central Midwest

November, 2005
Regional Report

Take Care of Turf Before Snowfall

Clean up fallen leaves and other debris on the lawn to prevent snow mold in winter. If the grass is long, give it a final mowing unless it's already dormant and matted down. Make note of areas that need to be rejuvenated next year.

Prune Raspberries for Good Bearing Next Year

Prune raspberries back to the ground as soon as they finish bearing. Even though everbearing types can produce two crops -- one in summer and one in fall -- the summer crop is usually small, and overwintering canes may harbor disease. Better to get a healthy bumper crop later in the season.

Be Ready to Mulch Roses

Get hybrid roses ready for winter care. Keep pruning to a minimum if possible unless you need to reduce the height of long canes. When the temperature has fallen to about 20 degrees F, hill up loose, well-drained soil to 10 to 12 inches. Allow it to freeze. When frozen, cover with loose mulch to keep it frozen.

Dispose of Overwintering Pests

Remove garden debris to get rid of troublesome pests. Getting rid of all the plant material in the garden can give you a head start on pest control next spring. Cabbageworms overwinter as pupae in garden debris. Cucumber beetles overwinter as adult beetles in debris, and tomato hornworms also spend the winter as pupae in plant debris.

Put Away Tools

Disconnect hoses and empty all the water out. Drain faucets, sprinklers, and other watering tools before the temperatures drop below freezing. Move all garden products into an area that doesn't freeze, keeping them clearly labeled. Empty out sprayers, including wands and hoses, and store upside down.

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