Plant Care Guides

Perennials |  Bulbs |  Trees and Shrubs |  Vegetables |  Fruits |  Herbs

Vegetables
Asparagus
Bean
Broccoli
Cabbage
Sweet Corn
Eggplant
Okra
Pepper
Celery
Lettuce
Spinach
Onion
Pea
Parsnip
Potato
Carrot
Radish
Turnip
Tomato
Sweet Potato
Squash
Pumpkin
Melon
Cucumber
Brussels Sprouts
Beet
Chard
Kale
Leeks
Kohlrabi
Cauliflower
Collards
Garlic
Artichokes
Mesclun and Salad Greens

Broccoli

 
A member of the cabbage family, broccoli is grown for its edible, immature flower heads. One of the most nutritious vegetables, broccoli contains high levels of antioxidants.

About This Plant

Broccoli prefers cool temperatures. In many regions it can be grown as both a spring and fall crop. Choose varieties touted for their abundant side shoots to extend the harvest; once the central head is harvested, these side shoots will continue to produce small heads for weeks.

Site Selection

Select a site with full sun and well-drained soil. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost.

Planting Instructions

Start spring transplants indoors five to seven weeks before the last spring frost date, or buy nursery transplants three weeks before the last spring frost date. Where the weather is warm, select a variety that is bolt resistant. Set out transplants three to four weeks before the last spring frost. Space plants 18 inches apart. Protect transplants from hard frosts with newspapers, plastic cones, paper bags, or baskets. Provide a windbreak to reduce transplant shock and moisture loss. For fall crops, direct seed the broccoli in the garden 85 to 100 days before the average first fall frost date.

Care

Mulch plants to help keep soil moist, and water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Contact your local County Extension office for controls of common broccoli pests such as flea beetles, cabbageworms, and cabbage loopers.

Harvesting

Harvest for peak quality when the buds of the head are firm and tight. If buds start to separate and the yellow petals inside start to show, harvest immediately.
 
GardeningwithKids.org Catalog

Special Report - Garden to Table

— ADVERTISEMENTS —